Vegetation Cover Types:

Principal Forest Types: The forests of the Tiger Reserve are varied and rich.  To the eastern most portions lie the scrub forests of Moyar.  While the vegetation in the central portion of the Tiger Reserve viz., Kaniyanapura, Bandipur part of Beerambadi is dry deciduous, the vegetation in the western part of the reserve viz., Ainurmarigudi, Begur and Beerambadi is moist deciduous.  The vegetation, therefore, changes from scrub type to moist deciduous type from east to west.

These forests are classified as under:

  1. The Scrub type – (Group 5 – Sub-Group 5B- DSF-I-Dry deciduous scrub of Champion and Seth classification).
  2. Southern Tropical Dry and Deciduous type - (Group 5 – Sub-Group 5A Ci of Champion and Seth classification).
  3. South Tropical Moist Deciduous type – (Group-3-Sub-Group-3-B-Ci of Champion and Seth classification).

The following is the approximate area distribution of the forest types included in the Reserve

SL
No.
Name of Reserve Forest Total Area Moist Mixed Deciduous in Sq. Km Dry Deciduous in Sq. Km Scrub Type in Sq. Km
1.   Core Zone of Bandipur Tiger Reserve
1 Moyar R.F 60.860 - 31.000 29.860
2 Kaniyanapura RF Block I, II & III 32.340 - 8.000 24.340
3 Bandipur RF 85.960 19.500 66.460 -
4 Ainurmarigudi RF 128.460 120.460 8.000 -
5 Begur RF 112.930 112.930 - -
6 Beeramadi RF 265.470 125.470 140.000 -
7 Alaganchi RF 50.730 - 23.640 27.090
8 Katwal RF 22.130 13.030 7.970 1.130
9 Naganapura RF B I 41.330 - 10.000 31.330
10 Naganapura B II 36.950 - - 36.950
11 Beerambadi RF N.E & S.E Extension 35.080 - 25.000 10.080

Sub Total 872.240 391.390 320.070 160.780
2.   Buffer Zone of Bandipur Tiger Reserve
1 Omkara Tiger Block 17.640 - 17.640 -
2 Naganapura Block III 14.100 - 14.100 -
3 Naganapura Block III Layout 8.060 - 8.060 -
4 Lokkere SF 6.400 - - 6.400
5 Somanathapura Sandal RF 8.190 - - 8.190
6 Bheemanabidu SF 3.690 - - 3.690
7 Deshipura TR 3.900 - 3.900 -
8 Heggavadi Block II SF 8.950 - - 8.950
9 Heggavadi Block I SF 11.600 - - 11.600
10 Nugu Wildlife sanctuary 30.320 - 30.320 30.320
11 Kaniyanapura Block II 1.710 - - 1.710
12 Kaniyanapura Block II Extension 0.360 - - 0.360
13 Begur Reserve Forest Extension 1.170 - - 1.170
14 Gopalaswamy Betta 0.300 - - 0.300
15 Katwal Rehabilitation area 1.880 - 1.880 -
16 Puttanapura Sandal Reserve 1.270 - 1.270 -
17 Nenekatte RF 5.770 - 5.770 -
18 Kundukere Range Section 4’ Notified area 22.660 - 22.660 -

Sub Total 147.970 - 104.600 42.370
Grand Total 1020.210 391.390 425.670 203.150

 

Wild Fauna, Habitats and Tropic Niches

Predator

Tiger (Panthera tigress)

 

Co-predator

Panthers (Panthera pardus), The Indian Wild Dog (Cuon alpinus), The Jungle Cat (Felis chaus), Python (Python molurus)

 

Other Associates

Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Sloth Bear (Melurus ursinus)

 

Prey Animals

The Spotted Deer or Chital (Axis axis), Sambar (Cervus unicolor), Four horned Antelopes or Chowsingha (Tetracerus quadricornis), Barking Deer or Muntjac (Muntiacus mantjak), Gaur (Bos Gaurus), Indian Wild Boar (Sus Scrofa), Mouse Deer (Tragulus meminna), Indian Porcupine (Hystrix indica), Indian hare (Lepus nigricollis), Common Langur (Presbytis entellus), Bonnet Macaque (Macaca radiat)

 

Other Animals

Other animals found in the Reserve are the Flying Squirrel, the Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratuba indica), Three striped Palm Squirrel (Funambulus palmarum), Flying Squirrel (Petaurista petaurista), The Porcupine(Hystrix indica), Black naped hare (Lepus nigricollis).

 

Reptiles

Due to the varied habitat, Bandipur is rich in reptiles.  From the huge Indian Python (Python molurus,’hebbavu), Indian Cobra (Naja naja, ‘Nagara haavu’), Vine Snake (Anaetulla nastus), Common Krait (Bangarus caeruleus), Wolf Snake (Lycodon anlicus), Green Keelback (Macropisthvdon plumbicolos), Rat Snake (Ptyas mucosus), Rock Python (Python molurus), Bamboo pit viper (Trimeresurus gramineus) and Russel’s Viper (Vipera russelli).  Some snakes like Green Pit Viper (Trimeresurus ramineus) and cat snakes are more likely to be seen in the moist forest towards the western parts of the Reserve.

 

Bird Life

Quails, Partridges and stone curlews, Malabar trogon, Malabar grey hornbill, Bluewing parakeet and Whitebellied minivet which are exclusively found in the Western Ghats and nowhere else on earth.  Drongo and Yellowbrowed bulbul, Drongos , whiteheaded babblers, etc.,

 

Invertebrates

Giant wood spinders (Nephila maculata), Social spider (Eresidae sps), etc.,